The Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act CARES Act (Pub. L. 116-136) defined a number of programs that charitable nonprofits will be eligible to apply for. The chart that follows provides information on those loan options, eligibility criteria, terms, and application information. This chart is neither financial nor legal advice for any specific organization. It is an analysis of the new law before any rules or regulations.
For more details about these loan programs, view the recording of our webinar from March 31, “Federal Coronavirus Relief Bills: What Do They Mean for Nonprofits?”
|Program||Paycheck Protection Program (Emergency SBA 7(a) Loans) Secs. 1102, 1106||Expanded EIDL & Emergency Grants (SBA 7(b) Loans) Sec. 1110||Mid-Size Loan Program Sec. 4003|
|Description||Emergency loan program for nonprofits and for-profit entities to secure funds to pay staff and operating costs for 24 weeks, and secure full loan forgiveness under certain circumstances.||Existing Economic Injury Disaster Loan (EIDL) program expanded to more for-profit entities, applies looser credit standards, and creates a rapid grant procedure.||Largely undefined loan program to be created by the Treasury Department to fill the gap between the Paycheck Protection Program for smaller employers and the industry stabilization loans to big business.|
|Size Eligibility||500 or fewer employees||Existing EIDL limits for nonprofits*||Between 500 and 10,000 employees|
|Dollar Amount||The lesser of $10 million or 2.5 times the average total monthly payroll costs from the one-year period (look back) prior to the date of application. Alternative look-back periods may also be selected.||Normal EIDL loans available up to $2 million (limited by SBA). EIDL advances of $10,000 paid within 3 days (limited by SBA to $1,000 per employee up to limit).||Unspecified|
|Loan Processor||Local financial institutions||Small Business Administration||Local financial institutions|
|Nonprofit Eligibility||Must have been in operation on 2/15/2020 and had paid employees and/or paid independent contractors. Expressly available for charitable nonprofits with 500 or fewer employees, but requires that employees of affiliated nonprofits may be counted toward the 500 employee cap, depending on the degree of control of the parent.||In operation before 1/31/2020. Loans can be based solely on credit score. Existing EIDL program applies to “private nonprofit organizations” that excludes religious institutions and some other charitable organizations.||Expressly applies to “nonprofit organizations”|
|Personal Guarantee||No collateral or personal guarantee required.||Waives personal guarantee up to $200,000, and requirement of inability to obtain credit elsewhere.||Unspecified|
|Certification||Good-faith certification that economic uncertainty makes request necessary; funds to be used to retain workers and maintain payroll or make mortgage, lease, and utility payments; and no duplicate application or receipt of funds for same purposes.||Self-certification under penalty of perjury.||Good-faith certification that need is based on economic conditions; funds to be used to retain and restore employment, won’t abrogate collective bargaining agreements, and will remain neutral in union organizing efforts, among other things.|
|Loan Use||Payroll costs, mortgage interest payments, rent, utilities, and interest on prior debt during the 8-week period following loan origination.||$10,000 advance: Paid sick leave, meeting payroll, increased costs due to disrupted supply chain, mortgage, debt service.||To retain 90% of workforce at full wages and benefits through 9/30/2020 and intention to restore 90% of workforce in place on 2/1/2020.|
|Loan Terms||1.0% interest rate; payments (principal and interest) deferred until loan forgiveness amount remitted to lender. Maximum of 5 years if origincated after June 4. Pre-existing loans can be renegotiated from 2 to 5 years.||Normal EIDL: 2.75% interest rate for nonprofits $10,000 advance treated as a grant||Interest capped at 2% with no principle or interest paid for first 6 months.|
|Loan Forgiveness||Employers that maintain employment for the covered period after origination of loan, or rehire employees by December 31, will have loans forgiven in whole or part, essentially turning the loan into a grant. Section 1106.||$10,000 advance forgiven even if borrower denied EIDL loans.||Expressly prohibited in statute. Section 4003(d)(3))|
|Key Definitions||Covered Period means the 24-week period following loan origination. Employee means an individual working on a full-time, part-time, or other basis. Payroll Costs include compensation (including benefits costs) paid to employees and contractors, capped at $100,000 per year per individual (prorated over the “covered” period), and state/local payroll taxes, e.g., unemployment costs.||Covered Period means 1/31/2020 through 12/31/2020. Eligible entity means a business with 500 or fewer employees. *Eligible private nonprofits include all charitable nonprofits, including faith-based organizations, per SBA FAQs.|
|Application & Documentation||SBA Instructions and sample application PPP loan forgiveness instructions and application. See interim final rule and National Council of Nonprofits Analysis.||For emergency EIDL Grant, apply here now. For normal EIDL loans, complete SBA Form 5 online.||To be announced|
This chart is neither financial nor legal advice for any specific organization. It is an analysis of the new law before any rules or regs. Updated June 5, 2020.